I want to address a very important issue which I noticed and that was a significant percentage of muslims not only believe in the Theory of Evolution, but also that humans descended from monkeys. Worst of all they quote certain verses of the Quran to support their claims and belief. In this article I will go through the verses that muslim evolutionists use for their claims as well as demonstrating that the Quran reveals that things were indeed created with Will and Design and Purpose, which contradicts major tenets of evolution. I have also made a video of this content on youtube here.
Let’s start with a really powerful verse that clearly demonstrates Allah’s creative powers:
“And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): “´I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe; (3:49)
And in another verse:
Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! thou didst make out of clay, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou didst breathe into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou didst heal those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! thou didst bring forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: ´This is nothing but evident magic. (5:110)
As is clear in the verses which are referring to Jesus Christ, he was able, with Allah’s permission to heal the sick and blind, make clay birds alive and bring the dead to life. These points demonstrate the power of Allah to not only bring things to life from inanimate matter, but he can affect organic matter instantaneously when he heals the sick and blind through Jesus. Allah does not need to work through or with “nature” and “natural laws”.
It is clear that Allah states his creative agency in the origin and forms of all things including animals.
One verse that is often touted as showing support for evolution is the following:
And Allah has created every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills; for verily Allah has power over all things. (24:45)
Here Allah is making it clear that he CREATED every animal FROM WATER, and not from each other as evolution supposes. Essentially each animal was created independently. Not only were the species brought into existence from base matter such as water, earth and air, but that each individual as an embryo is in fact being created by Allah as he indicates in the previous veres as well as the verses in the first sura ever revealed:
Read in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created-
Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood
Years ago reading this along with the footnotes of Yusuf Ali’s commentary it hit me that each person has been individually created deliberately by Allah. Yes, to us without real insight the process of embryonic development looks like a very elaborate cell division and organisation process but indeed each step is in Allah’s control and power. The word for created or “khalaqa” is quite apt since each stage has to happen, or come into existence. At every stage there are opportunities for the process to fail and it is clear to me at least, that Allah is the one controlling the progress of the process and is in fact inducing it with his will. Indeed he doesn’t need the condition of sperm and eggs to make babies or humans. This of course applies to the animals and plants as well. Each individual plant and animal was created by Allah though for these things he does it through a process and sequential stages:
Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: “I am about to create man from clay:
“When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.” (38:71-72)
As can be seen here the Quran states clearly that Allah will create man from clay and fashion him. These are direct and active statements which don’t give the impression of very slow manufacturing from other animals. Now, I do understand where some muslims can get confused. We have here the word “fashioned” which may give the impression of a theistic guided evolution, but this could be misinterpreted if taken in isolation without Light from the other verses in the Quran. However the imagery here is as I understand it Allah describing the making of Adam’s body as potter would make a clay vase. When a potter makes a vases, he used wet clay as the base material, and then through his techniques fashions and shapes the vase out of the material. For Allah he just has to will it and say “Be” and it is so.
Jesus was believed to be a virgin birth and this is believed by both Christians and Muslims.
The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was. (3:59)
This verse was to deny the dogma that Jesus is God since for one thing the birth of Jesus is not any more remarkable than that of the birth of Adam since Adam was made without any parents. Though also the verse illustrates Allah’s power and lack of need for certain prior conditions like sperm and eggs, moreover this verse demonstrates the equivalence of the creation of human beings whether from clay or in the mother’s womb.
Lastly I want to talk about the fact that Allah has created Angels and Jinn and is of course still creating them. These Angels are created instantaneously with a command. So why is it necessary for muslims to imagine the origin of living things in a natural setting? In fact, our observance of nature is supposed to lead us to the creator and sustainer of all that we see! If things are occurring within and by natural laws then why should we suppose nature requires a god to maintain it? Should we suppose a god that originated everything but plays a “hands-off” role? This directly contradicts the attributes of Allah which tell us that he is an active Sustainer and Creator (Ar-Rahman (The All-Compassionate), Al-Khaliq (The Creator), Al-Malik (The Absolute Ruler), Al-Muhayman (The Guardian), Ar-Razzaq (The Sustainer), Al-Hafiz (The Preserver), Al-Muqit (The Nourisher), Al-Qadir (The All-Powerful), Al-Mubdi (The Originator), Al-Muhyi (The Giver of Life)). It’s obvious to anyone sincerely studying these Names of Allah how these attributes demonstrate Allah’s intimate involvement with everything.
Here’s another verse to do with the creation of Angels that muslim evolutionists use show that he makes Angels in stages:
Praise be to Allah, Who created (out of nothing) the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for Allah has power over all things. (35:1)
The point that is missed here by muslim evolutionists is the fact creation is in the hands of Allah and everything that we see in creation should be attributed to him and not a secular process. In fact I would go so far as to say that believing evolution and natural selection is what shaped organisms is to replace Allah with a secular idol.
Even things as gravity are only partially understood by scientists. We can observe that objects fall, and Newton described the mathematics that show that objects with mass attract each other. But is that what gravity TRULY is if we were to get right at the heart of the matter? Ultimately gravity and any other forces are in total obeisance to Allah’s Will. The order that we see and call natural laws are only in fact order in a system that is constantly being directed and powered by Allah, but for our limited experience we can map these phenomena using mathematics and certain models to help us predict our personal universe.